DESCRIPTIONPolyurethane is a unique material that offers the elasticity of rubber combined with the toughness and durability of metal. Because urethane is available in a very broad hardness range (eraser-soft to bowling-ball-hard), it can replace rubber, plastic or metal while providing improved abrasion resistance and physical properties.
Urethanes have better abrasion and tear resistance than rubbers, while offering higher load bearing capacity. When compared to plastics, urethanes offer superior impact resistance, while offering excellent wear properties and elastic memory.
Urethanes have replaced metals in sleeve bearings, wear plates, sprockets, rollers and various other parts, with benefits such as weight reduction, noise abatement and improved wear resistance.
ADVANTAGES Abrasion resistance
Polyurethanes often outwear other materials (rubber, plastics and metal) by many times in many applications when severe abrasion is a factor.
Oil and solvent resistance
Polyurethane has excellent resistance to oils, solvents, fats, greases and gasoline.
Load bearing capacity
Polyurethane has a higher load-bearing capacity than any conventional rubber. Because of this characteristic, it is an ideal material for load wheels, heavy duty couplings, metal-forming pads, shock pads, expansion joints and machine mounts.
The tear-strengths of various Polyurethanes range from 100 to 1000 lbs./linear inch, which is far superior to rubbers. As a result, urethane is often used as drive belts, diaphragms, roll covers, cutting pads, gaskets and chute liners.
Polyurethane has outstanding resistance to oxygen, ozone, sunlight and general weather conditions.
Hard urethanes are now being used as gears in products where sound reduction is desired. The soft urethanes are used to replace rubbers for improved sound/vibration dampening.
Most formulations offer extremely high flex-life and can be expected to outlast other elastomer materials where this feature is an important requirement. Dust boots, bellows, diaphragms, belts, couplings and similar products are made from urethane for this reason.
Polyurethane has excellent electrical insulating properties and is used successfully in many molded wire and cable harness assemblies.
Heat and cold resistance
Continuous use above 225°F is not recommended nor is urethane recommended in hot water over 175°F. At low temperatures, polyurethane will remain flexible down to -90°F. A gradual stiffening will occur at 0°F, but will not become pronounced until much lower temperatures are reached.
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS Belts Metal forming pads Wear strips Bumpers Gears Bellows Machinery mounts Cutting Surfaces Sound-dampening pads Chute and hopper liners Prototype machined parts Gaskets Seals Rollers Roller covers Sandblast curtains Diaphragms
SHAPE & SIZE AVAILABILITYPRECISION-CAST SHEETS
Cast sheets are ideal for fabrication into a wide variety of products. Standard sheets are available in 12" square up to 48" square sheets in the following thicknesses: 1/32", 1/16", 3/32", 1/8", 5/32", 3/16", 1/4", 5/16", 3/8", 1/2", 5/8", 3/4", 1", 1-1/4", 1-1/2", 1-3/4" and 2". Other sizes and thicknesses are available upon special order. Tolerances are: 1/32 to 3/16, +.010"; 1/4 to 3/8", +/-.015"; 1/2 to 1-1/4", +/-.025"; 1-1/2" and over, +/-3%.
Standard sheets are available integrally cast onto duck cloth (.048" thick), permitting easy cementing to metal or other surfaces. This composite converts effectively to large roll coverings or chute and bin liners. Bond strength between the fabric and the urethane is excellent, and there is no strikethrough to the exposed side of the fabric. Sheet is stocked in 3/16", 1/4", 5/16", 3/8", 7/16", and 9/16" overall thicknesses up to 48" square. Custom sizes and thicknesses are available upon special order.
Bar stock is popular for metal forming uses. The precise size eliminates the need for a matched female die. The material becomes the contact surface in forming, bending or shaping metal without scratching or marring the finished product. Bar stock is also used as press-brake pads, bumper pads, and wear strips, and is machined into a great variety of prototype parts. Standard sizes are available 48" long and in thicknesses of 1" square, 2" square and 2" x 3". Custom sizes are available.
Cast rods are used for guide, drive and pinch rollers and outwear conventional rubber rollers 20 to 1. They are excellent for bulge forming. Rod stock is used for prototype parts like gears, bearings and bushing, and is easily machined to close tolerances. Standard rods are 36" long and are available in diameters of 1/4", 3/8". 1/2", 5/8", 3/4", 7/8", 1", 1-1/4", 1-1/2", 1-3/4", 2", 2-1/4", 2-1/2", 2-3/4", 3", 3-1/4", 3-1/2", 3-3/4", 4", 4-1/4", 4-1/2",4-3/4", 5", 5-1/2" and 6". Custom sizes are available upon request.
Cast tube stock makes excellent roll covers when press fitted over metal cores. They are also converted into gaskets, seals and rings. Tubes are well suited for prototype parts. Standard cast tubes are 36" long and are supplied in several diameters (custom sizes are available upon request): Inside Diameter 1", 1-1/4", 1-1/2", 1-3/4", 2", 2-1/4", 2-1/2", 3" Outside Diameter 2" 2-1/4" 2-1/2", 2-3/4", 3", 3-1/4", 3-1/2", 3-3/4", 4"
NOTE: The information contained herein are typical values intended for reference and comparison purposes only. They should NOT be used as a basis for design specifications or quality control. Contact us for manufacturers' complete material property datasheets.
All values at 73°F (23°C) unless otherwise noted.